A company learns that it will have to borrow $1,000,000 in six months for a period of six months. The rate at which it can now afford is the 6-month LIBOR plus 50 basis points. Let`s also assume that the 6-month LIBOR is currently 0.89465%, but the company`s treasurer thinks it could even increase by 1.30% in the coming months. Settlement amount – interest rate difference / [1 – settlement rate × (days in the term of contract 360) ] This is an accounting instrumentAn no change of capitalAn FRA is balanced in advanceIn opposition to a maturity, The reference price is set one or two days before the market agreement comes into force for each currency The interest rate differential is the result of the comparison between the rate of payment and the settlement rate. It is calculated as follows: the fictitious amount of $5 million is not exchanged. Instead, both parties to this transaction use this figure to calculate the interest rate difference. Interest rate futures contracts are accompanied by short-term futures contracts. Since future STIRTs are resigned to the same index as a subset of FRAs, IMM-FRAs, their pricing is linked. The nature of each product has a pronounced gamma profile (convexity), which leads to rational price adjustments, not arbitration. This adjustment is called convex term adjustment (ACF) and is generally expressed in basis points.  At the same time, the borrower agrees to pay the bank the benchmark bank bill (BBSW) interest rate on the same nominal principal amount. As a borrower, this allows you to lock in the interest rate on your loan instead of being at the mercy of the markets. There is no capital exchange, but only the difference between current market interest rates and the interest rate agreed by the FRA is exchanged.
A borrower could enter into an advance rate agreement to lock in an interest rate if the borrower believes interest rates could rise in the future. In other words, a borrower might want to set their cost of borrowing today by entering an FRA. The cash difference between the FRA and the reference rate or variable interest rate is offset on the date of the value or settlement. Intermediate capital for the differentiated value of an FRA exchanged between the two parties and calculated from the perspective of the sale of an FRA (imitating the fixed interest rate) is calculated as follows: The FRA determines the prices to be used at the same time as the termination date and face value.